The Lithuanian Group started broadcasting at Radio 4EB from 5 September 1982 and the first committee members were:-
Convenor ~ Father Bacinskas
Secretary & Treasurer ~ Joan Einikis
Assistant Convenor ~ J Ruzgys
Technical Advisor ~ H Petrouskas
Lithuanian Radio Group Convenor Broadcaster / Panel Operator -
On Thursday 11th of August, Sue Pavasaris, a newly qualified panel operator, conducted her first live broadcast for the Lithuanian program on Brisbane Radio 4EBFM which aired without a hitch. So, congratulations, Sue—the Lithuanian radio committee is very proud to have you on board.Sue has a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Classical Cinema and Masters in Journalism. She has lived in Sydney and London and now works for the Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel who draft all Queensland Acts and prepare information about legislation in printed and electronic form.
Lithuanian Panel Operator
The Brisbane Lithuanian Club at 49 Gladstone Road, Highgate Hill.
Open for lunch first Sunday of every month. All Welcome.
Founding Lithuanian Broadcaster for Radio 4EB
Father Petras Bacinskas
Lithuanian Radio Program founder and Life Member
See The Brisbane Lithuanian Radio History story below.
Lithuanian Radio Guests
9 December 2010
Lithuanian Broadcaster Evaldas with world famous Lithuanian photographer, Vytautas Suslavicius.
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History of the Lithuanian Radio program in Brisbane
The history of the Lithuanian Radio Program in Brisbane begins with Joan Einikis, who was born in the UK on 8 February 1920 and died in Brisbane on 31 December 2004.
Joan emigrated from England to Queensland in 1956 and worked as a dental nurse. In 1958, she wed a Lithuanian man, Stan Einikis, and they settled in New Farm. She did voluntary work in England and continued to do so here in Brisbane, working across many ethnic communities, dedicating her life to improving the quality of life for many disadvantaged people from foreign lands.
Joan’s involvement with the station goes back even before Radio 4EB’s inception.
Joan insisted that their young daughter, Kathy, start lessons in national dancing and joined her up with the Lithuanian national dance group and it was at one of these events that she met Father Bačinskas, who was the local Catholic Priest for Lithuanians in Brisbane.
Father Bačinskas was a member of the Captive Nations Council, which had members from a number of countries which were occupied by the Soviet Union.
As the membership of this organisation grew, so did the push from members to bring all the people from the different nations together. Most of the people involved were older migrants who were desperate to keep their language and culture alive and so they joined forces with other nationalities to promote themselves as a voice to be heard. Joan attended meetings at the various clubs which got together to plan events, commemorations and celebrations to spread the word that they existed and their homelands were brutally occupied.
Every year in June, to commemorate the deportation of people from captured countries to Siberia, a big gathering of nations was held in Anzac Square. These were the days when the Vietnamese, Croation, Serb, Polish, Ukrainian, Macedonian and Croatian communities were very big. There were concerts at Botanic Gardens, City Hall and at festivals such as Warana for the different talents to be expressed.
Government Ministers would attend and a huge function at Musgrave Park had Al Grasby as guest of honour and Joan had a stall selling Lithuanian food. Lithuanian and other nations performed at the Commonwealth Games and Expo which let them show off to the world, giving them even more exposure.
Multiculturalism was starting to come into its own. Schools jumped on the bandwagon asking various ethnic communities to perform at their fetes, and suddenly a huge number of organisations were fighting for funds.
New immigrants were arriving and wanted their voice heard.
Italian Gaetano Rando took up the responsibility to establish a group of people from different nations big enough that could have some influence. He called for membership and so it was that Joan joined up. The purpose of the group was to build up enough strength to lobby the government for a licence to get a radio station so communities could promote their languages and spread their news.
SBS Radio and TV hadn’t started yet.
The group was given permission to broadcast at Kelvin Grove and Father Bačinskas was the first to start broadcasting the Lithuanian program.
Then as the group grew, obtained a licence, they had to find money for premises from which to run a studio and so the Thomas St Studio in West End was born.
And then as they got stronger, they obtained the premises at Montague Road and Gaetano Rando became Manager. The atmosphere was very friendly and everyone helped each other. There were a lot of people involved in the station and they had a lot of volunteers.
Smaller nations like the Norwegians got involved and started doing programs as well. Mr Stein was doing the German program at the time before Wolfgang took over from him. Emmy Stephan was doing the Dutch program and she would come in every day.
Father Bačinskas had his own equipment at his Coorparoo premises and would record programs and Joan would run backwards and forwards delivering tapes to Montague Road where a Spanish family would put on the tape and then take it off when the program was over.
After the formation of the Ethnic Communities Council of Queensland (ECCQ) in 1976, Joan was appointed their first Ethnic Arts Officer, a position funded by the Arts Council. This gave the station the foot in the door which it so desperately needed to access funds as a myriad of multicultural organisations were competing for funding.
As Father Bačinskas became ill, Evaldas Sagatys and Joan started broadcasting together, with Evaldas doing the news in Lithuanian and Joan doing announcements in English. They were able to get away from the religious slant of Father Bačinskas and introduce folk songs and other interesting items. In 1983, when Joan’s daughter Kathy went to America, she took out a subscription to Bridges Magazine for Joan – a magazine in English about Lithuanians which enabled Joan to start broadcasting snippets about Lithuanian culture in an English segment of the program.
On 26 September 2004, three months before Joan’s death, the Ethnic Broadcasting Association of Qld – or what we know as Radio 4EB FM 98.1 – awarded Joan Einikis Life Membership in recognition of her exceptional contribution to the station.
So, it is thanks to Joan, that we arrived at Radio 4EBFM at Kangaroo Point.
FACTS ABOUT LITHUANIA
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->The Republic of Lithuanialies in the centre of Europe: the geometrical centre of the continent is in eastern Lithuania, near the village of Bernotai, 25 km north of Vilnius (Europos parkas). Lithuania is on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea (the length of the Lithuanian coastline is 99 km). The northernmost point of Lithuania is at 56 27 degrees latitude, while the southernmost point is at 53 54 degrees latitude.
The climate of Lithuania is transitional between maritime and continental. The average temperature in January is -4.9C and +23C in July. Moderate temperatures in summer and adequate rainfall all year round are typical of Lithuania. One unfavorable feature is a relatively short vegetation period (169-202 days).
Lithuania's population is 3.371 million (2007), of which 67% is urban, with an average density of 52 people per sq km. Population composition in Lithuania is approximately as follows:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Lithuanians - 84.3%,
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Poles - 6.2%,
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Russians - 5%,
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Belarusians - 1.1%,
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Ukrainians - 0.6%,
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Jews - 0.1%,
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Latvians, Tatars, Roma people and Germans make up 0.1%.
In different periods of history large numbers of Lithuanians emigrated to such countries as the United States of America, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, Great Britain, Australia, Israel and Poland. According to the estimates, over 2 million Lithuanians currently live abroad.
GOVERNMENT OF LITHUANIA
Lithuania is a multi-party, parliamentary democracy. The president, who is elected directly for 5 years, is head of state and commander in chief overseeing foreign and security policy. The president nominates the prime minister and his cabinet and a number of other top civil servants. The Seimas, a unicameral parliament, has 141 members that are elected for a 4-year term. About half of the members are elected in single constituencies (71), and the other half (70) are elected in a nationwide vote by party lists. A party must receive at least 5% of the national vote to be represented in the Seimas.
For the first nine years of its post-Soviet independence, voters in Lithuania shifted from right to left and back again, swinging between the Conservatives, led by Vytautas Landsbergis (now headed by Andrius Kubilius), and the Labor (former Communist) Party, led by former President Algirdas Brazauskas. This pattern was broken in the October 2000 elections, when the Liberal Union and New Union parties won the most votes and were able to form a centrist ruling coalition with minor partners. President Valdas Adamkus played a key role in bringing the new centrist parties together.
The leader of the centre-left New Union Party (also known as the Social Liberal Party), Arturas Paulauskas, became the Chairman of the Seimas, and the leader of the Liberal Union Party, Rolandas Paksas, became Prime Minister. The new coalition was fragile from the outset, as the Liberal Union was pro-business and right of centre, while the New Union had a populist and leftist orientation. The government collapsed within 7 months and, in July 2001, the centre-left New Union Party forged an alliance with the left-wing Social Democratic Party and formed a new cabinet under former President Algirdas Brazauskas.
The new government tightened budgetary discipline, supported market reforms, and passed the legislation required to ensure entry into the European Union. Several years of solid economic growth helped to consolidate the government's popularity, despite discontent within two of its core constituencies--unskilled urban workers and farmers--who had expected more generous funding of social and agricultural programs. The government remained firmly in control, and by mid-2004 it was the longest serving administration since the recovery of independence.
In an unexpected political development in January 2003, Rolandas Paksas defeated the incumbent Valdas Adamkus in the second round of the presidential election to become Lithuania's third President since 1992. Paksas' tenure as president was short-lived. In December 2003, an ad hoc parliamentary commission found that President Paksas' vulnerability to influence constituted a threat to national security. On April 7, 2004, the Seimas removed President Paksas from office. Valdas Adamkus won the second round of presidential elections in June 2004 and was sworn in as president on July 12.
Brazauskas remained prime minister after the 2004 parliamentary elections, but the government collapsed in late May 2006 after the New Union and Labor parties withdrew from the coalition. A new minority coalition government headed by Prime Minister Gediminas Kirkilas, a Social Democrat, took office on July 18, 2006, and retained the support of the opposition Conservative party on the major issues until September 2007. On January 28, 2008 the Social Liberal party joined the coalition, giving it a bare majority.
In the October 2008 parliamentary elections, the Homeland Union-Lithuanian Christian Democrat Party, widely known as the Conservatives, won a plurality, winning almost twice as many seats (45) as the second-place Social Democrats (25). The National Revival Party, a new party with numerous show business and TV-journalism celebrities in its top ranks, finished third (16 seats).
The Conservatives put together a four-party coalition with the National Revival, Liberal Movement, and Liberal and Centrer Union parties, and Conservative leader Andrius Kubilius became prime minister--a post he previously held in 1999-2000. National Revival founder and leader Arturas Valinskas became Seimas Speaker. Following accusations of corruption and the splitting of the National Revival party, in September 2009 the Seimas removed Valinskas from that position, and First Deputy Speaker Irena Degutiene of the Conservative Party became speaker.
In May 2009, Dalia Grybauskaite, an Independent, overwhelmingly won Lithuania’s presidential election, receiving 68% of the vote. Grybauskaite previously served as the EU Commissioner for Financial Programming and Budget and is a former Lithuanian Finance Minister. She has said her top priorities will be domestic issues, especially those that relate to the Lithuanian economy. Grybauskaite was inaugurated July 12, 2009 in Vilnius. Since becoming President, Grybauskaite has focused on action to mitigate the effects of the economic crisis, to recalibrate Lithuania’s foreign policy to achieve balance in terms of relations with countries in the East, the EU, and the U.S., and to assert stronger governmental oversight of the State Security Department.
Dalia Gribauskaitė was elected President of the Republic of Lithuania on 17 May 2009.
History of the Presidents of Lithuania
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->PRIME MINISTER—Andrius Kubilius
Andrius Kubilius was appointed Prime Minister
by President‘s Decree No 1K-1611on 28 November 2008.
To listen to the latest broadcast, follow the link; http://www.4eb.org.au/ondemand